BMW’s long relationship with the British car industry was triggered way back in 1993. The then Rover Group approached the company and asked to buy BMW’s impressive 2.5-litre diesel engine for the upcoming Mk2 Range Rover.
This piqued the interest of BMW’s new boss, Bernd Pischetsrieder, who was both an Anglophile and the great-nephew of Mini designer Sir Alec Issigonis. BMW tried to buy Land Rover from owner BAe but was told the company would sell only the whole Rover Group.
In February 1994, BMW shocked the automotive world by buying the Rover Group – the Mini brand being a great temptation – and waving through plans for the Rover 75 and Land Rover Freelander. But by 1999, BMW was sinking under the weight of huge Rover losses and the UK government’s refusal to grant aid for the complete reconstruction of the decaying Longbridge plant.
BMW was left with a significant UK manufacturing footprint as a result of its ownership of Rover. BMW’s Oxford plant makes the Mini, it has a pressing plant at Swindon and Hams Hall makes BMW engines. It also built a new Rolls-Royce factory in West Sussex.