FiatChrysler Automobiles (FCA) boss Sergio Marchionne has revealed that the firm's five-year plan will see it focus only on the most profitable models.
Marchionne, who is in his final year at the helm, said "following unprofitable roads is not just naive, it’s incredibly foolish". During this morning's Capital Markets Day presentation, he is to announce several changes, much of which will be part of plans to cancel FCA's debt, which has shrunk in the first quarter of this year to €1.3 billion (£978 million) when operating profit rose by 5% to €1.6bn (£1.2bn).
"In my first ten years as CEO, reducing that debt has been one of our major objectives," Marchionne said, before making reference to his "well-tied tie" - something he said he'd only wear to a meeting if he cleared debt. "Even though it’s an achievement from which we can take pride, it’s nothing to brag about. It doesn’t make us better than others, it makes us better than before. But moving out of the shadow of debt is a significant step."
Marchionne has hinted at his belief that if his new plan’s targets are hit, then FCA can double its pre-tax profits from around £6bn last year to £12bn by 2023, and he raised the prospect of selling off brands if he cannot see a way to make them profitable. The latter scenario, however, is believed to be more likely to affect FCA’s components offshoots, such as Magneti Marelli, than its core car brands.
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"What you’ll see in the next Five Year Plan for FCA carries the same core principles that has guided us over the last five years, and further cements FCA’s ability to control its own industry," said Marchionne. "Technology is changing our industry. The challenge for industry leaders is to valance the need to adapt and invest in tech that meets consumer demand without economic waste. Then there are the regulatory challenges of meeting emissions. We’re going to play an important role in reducing greenhouse gases overall."
Among rumoured new models are an Alfa Romeo Giulia coupé, new stand-alone Abarths and a new small SUV from Jeep. Longer-term strategies for Maserati and Fiat are also expected to be unveiled, as is an indication of the timeline for FCA to offer electrified versions of its cars — something that it has been slow to do so far.
Anonymous sources cited by Reuters said FCA could stop selling Fiats in North America and China, while focusing Chrysler’s efforts in the US. It is plausible that Fiat would streamline its range to include only its top-selling models, which are the 500 and Panda, in the long term.
In the short term, Fiat is expected to shift production of the Panda from Italy to Poland, where the 500 and Abarth 595 are made. The Punto, after 13 years on sale, is due to be axed, as will Alfa Romeo's Mito, the car with which it is twinned. This means that all of Fiat's models will be made outside of Italy — a move that insiders have told Autocar will clear production space for FCA's premium brands, Alfa Romeo and Maserati, to introduce more SUVs.
The FCA shake-up would likely have no impact on Jeep and Maserati, however, with the two brands standing as FCA’s biggest-selling division and top luxury brand respectively. Maserati’s role is particularly vital if FCA is to tap into demand for high-end vehicles in markets such as China. China, the world's biggest new car market, overtook the US last year to become Maserati’s main market.
"We will focus Jeep's future on a global expansion of the product line-up," said Marchionne.
The arrival of Jeep’s new Wrangler is expected to act as a catalyst for FCA sales, particularly in the US and Europe. Jeep posted a sales drop in Europe last year, despite continued growth in SUV demand from European buyers. Although globally, Jeep sold 1,388,208 cars last year — a considerable rise from the 231,701 it sold in 2009. But new UK FCA managing director Arnaud Leclerc said there will be improvements because “we have the right products for the market now and the prospect of more to come”.