Citroen C4 Cactus is built on the PF1 platform
The new platform, called the Common Modular Platform (CMP), will be developed over the next two years at a cost of around £130m and will underpin all B-segment and entry-level C-segment cars.
Crucially, it will be a heavily modified version of the existing PF1 platform, meaning that the companies won’t have to extensively modify existing manufacturing facilities when it is launched. Cars on the platform at present include the Citroen C4 Cactus, C3 and Chinese market C-Elysse, DS3 and Peugeot 208 and 2008.
In time, all other medium to large cars developed in-house by the PSA Group will sit on the newer EMP2 platform; however, bosses have already acknowledged that they may continue other joint venture developments into the future, such as the C1 and 108, which are co-developed with the Aygo, and future ventures with GM.
The move, announced ahead of the Shanghai motor show, is particularly notable for its significance in the Chinese market, where the majority of PSA’s cars are sold on the PF1 platform and its manufacturing plants are set up to manufacture it. As a result, the £130m development cost is significantly lower than developing an all-new platform.
“The updates will be substantial, and in essence it is a new platform, but we are able to make it more flexible in terms of size and more beneficial in terms of what it can offer while maintaining certain key areas,” said an insider.
Carlos Tavares said PSA would make ten vehicles on the new platform, with Dongfeng developing a further ten. He suggested that potential B-segment cars could come in any body style, including SUVs, crossovers, hatches and saloons, while C-segment derivatives would only be saloons and hatches.
“The A-segment is part of our plans, but we still need to decide how we will replace the current cars. The profitability in the small car segment is very tense, and it’s clear you can’t make these types of cars alone and make money," said Tavares.
"So at the moment we are very happy to make these ears with Toyota. But Dongfeng is our partner, and on the other side of the table - it may be better to make a grouping of several OEMs of the venture.
"Our intention is to continue with Toyota, but if another OEM asked to join, first we would talk with Toyota, but we would express that we are open to sharing the technology,” he said.
The move to two platforms is part of Tavares’s plan to rationalise production at the PSA Group, which he took over last year. Already he has returned the firm to profit a year ahead of schedule.
Chinese maker Dongfeng will initially develop models for emerging Asian markets on the CMP platform, but at the announcement admitted longer-term ambitions to break out of these markets into Europe.
“At the right time we will certainly take on the European market,” said Dongfeng chairman Xu Ping.