Volkswagen Golf GTE
Mild hybrid powertrain
Mild hybrid plus (e-Allrad) powertrain
Mild hybrid plus (front) powertrain
Volkswagen has revealed future powertrain plans which include 48V mild hybrids and advanced petrol engines.
Bio and synthetic fuels are also on the way and are expected to “revolutionise the environmental balance sheet for internal combustion engines,” according to a company spokesman.
Diesels also remain high on Volkswagen's agenda. “Diesel has a long, clean future ahead of it,” said the spokesman.
Electrification will form an essential part of the strategy and includes both front-wheel-drive and four-wheel-drive 48V mild hybrid technology.
The mild hybrid is powered by a 148bhp 1.5 TSI turbocharged petrol engine equipped with an 8kW belt-integrated starter generator (BISG), giving fast stop-start, boosting engine torque and recouping energy to store in the car's 48V lithium ion battery.
A 'mild hybrid plus' version incorporates an additional 35bhp electric motor driving either the front or rear axle. This feeds extra torque to the driveline and recovers energy through regenerative braking, with the engine shut down to save fuel. The powered rear axle drive aids traction and improves cornering balance in slippery conditions. The mild hybrid systems are expected to give a fuel consumption benefit of around 7mpg over the regular 1.5 TSI engine.
A new version of the 128bhp 1.5 TSI engine equipped with a variable geometry turbocharger is claimed to have the highest compression ratio for a turbocharged engine and to deliver best-in-class fuel economy. The engine also runs on the Miller Cycle, a special high-efficiency operating regime. It's set to go on sale in the UK in the Golf 1.5 TSI in the near future. A 158bhp version of the engine is under development, as is a bi-fuel prototype that can run on both compressed natural gas (CNG) and petrol.
A new seven-speed DSG automatic gearbox, dubbed the DQ381, is capable of transmitting 310lb ft torque and is expected to give a CO2 saving of 10g/km over the original DQ250 unit, which was introduced in 2003.
According to Volkswagen's senior diesel engineer, Markus Khöne, Dieselgate-related recalls are now fully approved in both North America and Europe. Independent testing has verified that all Volkswagen diesels fall within the legislated limits for NOx emissions. Thus far, 6.5 million vehicles have been updated and conversions are continuing at the rate of 100,000 cars per week.
Plans to take diesel technology forward include a combination of engine improvements to reduce the amount of NOx created inside diesel engines, dual selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems and NOx storage catalysts (NSC). E-boosting technology being tested in prototype form creates a slower pressure build-up to reduce NOx and gives a punchier response.