The Maserati MC12 was built between 2004 and 2005
The Maserati 250F was used in Formula One racing between 1954 and 1960
Just 26 examples of the car were made
The 250F originally used a 220bhp 2.5-litre Maserati straight-six engine
The Tipo 61, often known as the Birdcage, raced in events including the 24 Hours of Le Mans
The 5000GT was introduced in 1959
The Maserati Sebring was built between 1962 and 1968
The Mistral was introduced in 1963, in coupé and spider forms
The first Quattroporte was also introduced in 1963
The first Quattroporte made its debut at the Turin motor show
The Ghibli was launched in 1967
The Ghibli was powered by a 330bhp 4.7-litre V8 engine
The Bora was produced from 1971 to 1978
At the time, the Bora had a top speed of 171mph
The car is considered by some to be the pinnacle of Maserati's performance era
The Bora came shortly after Citroën took an interest in the company in 1968
The Bora was first seen at the Geneva motor show in 1971
The Bi-Turbo was created to rival the BMW 3-series
The revised Ghibli 2 was released in 1992
The new Ghibli was available with a range of Maserati Biturbo engines
In 1994, the Ghibli was revised again
The 3200 GT was produced by Maserati from 1998 to 2001
The car was sold mainly in Europe
About 4795 units of the car were produced in total
The car used the same 3.2-litre V8 engine as found in the Quattroporte
The 3200GT came with either a six-speed manual or a four-speed automatic gearbox
The Maserati Coupé and Spyder, produced between 2001 and 2007, are also both known as the 4200GT
A six-speed manual transmission was available
The cabin was upmarket and driver-focused
The Boomerang was originally a concept car, revealed at the Turin motor show in 1971
The Indy was named to celebrate Maserati's victories at the Indy 500 race
1975 saw the introduction of the Maserati Khamsin
Production of the Khamsin lasted until 1983
The Merak was introduced in 1972, and was essentially a junior version of the Bora
The car came with a 6.0-litre V12 engine
The MC12 had a top speed of 205mph
The MC12 got its name from Maserati Racing, and the fact that it had 12 cylinders
The fifth generation of Maserati Quattroporte was sold between 2004 and 2012
The interior was luxurious, and featured steering-wheel mounted shift paddles
The car came with a 4.2-litre V8 engine, the same as used in the GranTurismo
The latest generation of Ghibli is designed to rival the BMW 5-series
The latest GranCabrio MC offers an even more performance-focused experience for the company's four-seat cabriolet
Infinitely desirable, sensationally loud and undeniably gorgeous - that's how our road test described the Grancabrio Sport
The first Maserati you might consider taking on a track day, the Granturismo MC Stradale came with a 4.7-litre V8
The 93,720 Granturismo sport has a top speed of 186mph
Maserati's first SUV, the Levante, will launch at the end of next year
The Alfieri sports car will come to market in 2016
The car maker that emphasises ‘Excellence Through Passion’ was born on December 1 1914, in Bologna, when the Maserati brothers Alfieri, Bindo, Ettore and Ernesto began building racing cars and making spark plugs.
In 1926, Maserati produced its first car – the Tipo 26 – which scored a victory on its racing debut in the 1926 Targa Florio. It was around this time that another Maserati brother, Mario, an artist, created Maserati’s trident emblem – based on the Fountain of Neptune in Bologna. Six years later however, tragedy struck when Alfieri Maserati died from liver complications.
Alfieri would later be honoured with the reveal of the Alfieri sports car concept at the Geneva motor show in March of this year.
Despite the tragic setback, Bindo, Ettore and Ernesto continued to build racing cars until 1937, when they sold their shares in the company to the Adolfo Orsi family.
Orsi demanded the firm be relocated to Modena (where it remains today), while allowing the Maserati brothers to continue working in engineering roles within the company. Further racing successes followed, with the Maserati 8CTF winning the 1939 and 1940 Indianapolis 500.
During the Second World War, the Maserati brothers focused their attentions on building spark plugs and other components for the Italian war effort.
Towards the end of the war, key engineers from Fiat and Alfa Romeo were brought in by Orsi, further ruffling the Maserati brothers’ feathers and essentially side-lining them. In 1947 they walked out of the company they had founded, going on to launch the OSCA Italian sports car company.
Shortly after their exit, Adolfo Orsi began signing off such road-going projects including the Maserati 4CLT, 8CLT, A6-series and the iconic A6GS. In 1954, the Italian company launched the Maserati 250F racing car to compete in Formula One.
Powered by a 2.5-litre straight-six engine firing out 270bhp at 8,000rpm and capable of 180mph, it propelled the legendary Argentinian racer Juan Manuel Fangio during the first half of the 1954 season and his entire 1957 drivers’ World Championship season.
After the 1957 Mille Miglia Guidizzolo tragedy, during which driver Alfonso de Portago died, Maserati pulled out of racing altogether and immersed itself in producing luxury road cars. This era proved to be a golden period for the Italian manufacturer, with the creation of the 3500GT that year, the V8-powered 5000 in 1959 and the Vignale-bodied Sebring three years later.
In 1963, the Mistral 2+2 coupé and spider were launched along with the company’s first four-door car – the Quattroporte – the latter two cars designed by Pietro Frua.
The stunning Maserati Ghibli two-seater coupé made its debut in 1967, while the Ghibli Spider was unveiled two years later. It featured a 330bhp 4.7-litre V8 up front and could sprint from 0-60mph in 6.8sec and on to a top speed of 154mph.
After a financial deal between Adolfo Orsi and General Peron of Argentina went sour in the late-1950s, the Italian banks began to put heat on Maserati’s assets. The new models throughout the 1960s were profitable enough to keep the creditors at bay, but time was running out for Maserati.
In 1967 it became apparent that Citroën was interested in building a flagship GT car with Maserati, and so in December 1967 Orsi sold a 60 per cent share in Maserati to the French carmaker – with Citroën acquiring Maserati outright by 1971.
The partnership resulted in cars like the Merak, Khamsin and Bora, but when Citroën sales were hit hard by the 1973 oil crisis, officials lost patience with the profit-dwindling Italian car firm. Under French ownership, employee numbers had inflated from 300 employees in 1968 to 900 in 1974, but productivity had fallen from 600 to 500 cars per year. In May 1975, Citroën declared Maserati bankrupt.
Three months later, Alejandro De Tomaso bought a 30 per cent share in the company with the help of public holding company GEPI. De Tomaso cut senior management and the workforce by half and set about launching new models in the form of the Maserati Kyalami, Quattroporte III, Biturbo and Ghibli II.
During the 1980s, focus shifted away from mid-engined sports cars to more affordable boxy-styled, front-engine, rear-wheel-drive coupes. The Biturbo was a BMW 3-series rivalling 200bhp V6 available as a coupe or saloon and could hit over 130mph. However, reviews declared that development was too hasty and it was poorly made.
Maserati reached arguably its lowest ebb in 1989, with the ‘Chrysler TC by Maserati’ – essentially a re-badged Dodge Daytona marrying a Chrysler body with a Maserati engine – the motoring press at the time describing it as “taking the worst from each partner.”
In 1993 Alejandro De Tomaso suffered a stroke and sold his 51 per cent share in Maserati to Fiat, with considerable investment ploughed into Maserati by the Italian company.
Under Fiat’s reign, the Maserati 3200GT was launched in 1998, proving to be a turning point and injecting Maserati with much-needed integrity that it severely lacked. Fiat later sold a 50 per cent share to Ferrari, who later took full control, making Maserati its luxury division.
In 2004, the Maserati MC12 supercar was revealed. Designed and built on the same chassis as Ferrari's Enzo, it was developed to signal Maserati’s return to racing after 37 years. Power came from a Ferrari-derived 6.0-litre V12 engine with 620bhp at 7500rpm, via a six-speed semi-automatic transmission. The MC12 was good for 0-62mph in 3.8sec and a top speed of 205mph. Only 55 examples were made.
That same year, the fifth-generation Maserati Quattroporte was released, powered by the same 395bhp 4.2-litre V8 unit from the 4200GT and GranTurismo. A year later, Ferrari gave up the company to Alfa Romeo under Fiat Auto and in 2007 Maserati turned a profit for the first time in 17 years under Fiat Group ownership.
Maserati is today preparing for its next round of new model launches. The firm's first ever SUV, the Levante, is due to go on sale at the end of next year, and has recently been spotted testing. It'll be followed in 2016 by a production version of the Alfieri sports car, which will arrive in both coupé and convertible forms. A replacement for the current Granturismo is planned for 2018.