After 11 hours on a plane to Shanghai, it was somewhat dispiriting after just a few hours looking around to be drawn like the proverbial moth to the flame of shapeless building called the ‘Super Brand Mall’. But drawn I was, past TGI Fridays, Starbucks and Hooters and into a vast space that looked uncannily like any upmarket shopping centre that can be found the length or breadth of Britain.

Inside, I was equally at home; McDonalds, KFC and countless other western fast food brands view for space alongside Gap, Casio, Tag Heuer and Calvin Klein stores. There were some indigenous Chinese shops… but closer inspection revealed that they were almost all department stores, stocking a variety of yet more Western brands. Even the promotional imagery invariably used a combination of Western and Eastern models, ensuring the brand’s roots were always at the forefront of shopper’s minds.