Carlos Tavares - the boss of the renamed, rebranded PSA Group - didn’t hold back in his hour-long presentation about the future of the company last week.

Tavares joined PSA in 2014, when the family-controlled company was looking decidedly close to death. He had been one of Carlos Ghosn’s right-hand men at Renault when he publicly expressed enthusiasm for running a car company himself and perhaps one that wasn't Renault-Nissan.

Tavares was soon on the job market, but quickly found himself running PSA. If he wanted a challenge, PSA was about as big as it got. Tavares finally gained access to his office just a few weeks after the company was rescued by a buy-out involving the French state and Chinese car maker Dongfeng.

Each took a 14% share in the company for a cash injection of around £650m. A deal had to be made to keep PSA’s finance arm open, a factory was closed and 11,000 jobs went - an almost unthinkable move in modern France. However, with losses of £4bn in 2012 and £1.8bn in 2013, this was not as unthinkable as the whole operation grinding to a halt.

Tavares’s packed presentation last week opened up with a very punchy figure. The average PSA profit margin between 2001 and 2015 had been just 1%. It’s a remarkable admission. A 1% margin does not seem to be remotely enough to pay for the next generation of new products, so it’s hard to see how Peugeot and Citroën managed to navigate its way through the last 15 years.