What is it?
We’ve been hearing a lot about cylinder deactivation recently. And not surprisingly given the tough emission standards car makers are being forced to adhere to in an effort to meet upcoming EU6 regulations set to come into force in September 2014.
However, most of it has been reserved for larger petrol engines such as Audi’s excellent new twin-turbocharged 4.0-litre V8, as offered in the in the A8 and soon to become available in the Bentley Continental GT.
But in a move that proves such technology also has a place in smaller engines, Volkswagen has unveiled a heavily reworked version of its widely used turbocharged 1.4-litre four-cylinder petrol powerplant running an innovative valve system developed in partnership with Audi.
The system is capable of shutting down the middle two cylinders on light throttle loads, effectively turning it into a 700cm3 twin for lower consumption and emissions, particularly in city driving and highway running at constant speeds.
The new unit, of which only the 82mm cylinder bore spacing is shared with the older EA111 engine it replaces, forms part of Volkswagen’s new modular EA211 engine range that is set to begin rolling out throughout various Volkswagen models bound for the UK in the not-too-distant future, including the Polo driven here in prototype form.
Among the more significant changes over the existing turbocharged 1.4-litre four cylinder TSI engine is a smaller 74.5mm bore and longer 80.0mm stroke – something that suggests there will also be larger capacity variants of the EA211, too. The compression ratio has also risen.
What’s it like?
With 138bhp and 184lb ft of torque at 1500rpm – some 34bhp and 55lb ft more than the existing Polo 1.2 TSI, the four-valve-per-cylinder engine provides the Polo 1.4 ACT with spritely off-the-line qualities, a satisfyingly flexible in-gear character and, thanks to long gearing, a relaxed cruising nature.
Nothing is official just yet, but expect on a 0-62mph time around 8.0sec and top speed around 125mph for seven-speed DSG (dual shift gearbox) equipped versions like that tested. Creditable performance, then.