"Our bid is at an exploratory stage, and may not lead to anything formal."
It seems odd that a company known for bringing cheap cars to the masses would want two premium brands, but Tata's a varied and growing outfit, and may well want a foothold in the UK market.
Mahindra & Mahindra
Another large Indian manufacturer already present in five continents and rapidly expanding into the global market. Best known for utility and 4x4 vehicles, Mahindra is introducing an SUV to the US market in 2008. Could either be preparing its own bid, or preparing to team up with Tata.
"Any reports linking us with the situation are speculative."
It's highly unlikely that Mahindra would buy Jaguar and Land Rover. Though the funds are probably there, the incentive to run two premium brands is probably not. Its best bet would be in tandem with Tata.
The Fiat Group
A formerly financially beleaguered multinational firm now on the road to happier times. In the process of launching the new Fiat 500, and enjoying a return to profitability, Fiat is safely on the road to recovery.
It already owns Maserati, Alfa Romeo and Ferrari; could now be the time to eliminate one of Maserati's key rivals, and pick up a profitable 4x4 brand in the process?
"We've never been interested, and that remains the case."
The only European manufacturer linked with the Jaguar and Land Rover sale has got reasons to acquire the twin brands, but it's claimed that talks with Ford were ended due to fears over how the buyout would affect Fiat's credit rating. Perhaps it's too early for this kind of move.
Cerberus Capital Management
The private equity firm that bought an 80.1 per cent share in Chrysler in May this year. Less well known is the company's £7 billion investment in General Motors Acceptance – GM's finance company. Cerberus currently has annual revenue of around £29 billion.
"The talks have yet to result in a firm offer."
Cerberus has a proven interest in expanding into the car-making industry, and Ford has admitted to holding talks with them. Though it was stated that no offer had been made, Cerberus may well be in pole position. Jaguar and Land Rover would suit the company's expanding portfolio very well.
OAO Russian Machines, or GAZ
One of the largest machine-building companies in Russia; GAZ produces trailers, buses and specialist tools, as well as cars. The most recent vehicle GAZ introduced is the Volga 31105, which retails at around £3500 in Russia.
"The company states that neither OAO Russian Machines nor any of the businesses within the holding company are interested in acquiring Ford's Land Rover and Jaguar brands."
GAZ has expressed an interest in expanding and modernising its vehicle range, but the company has now explicitly denied any involvement in the sale of Ford's two premium brands. Case closed.
One Equity Partners
A private equity company led by Jac Nasser, the former CEO of Ford and the man responsible for setting up Premium Automotive Group (the company that encompasses Ford's luxury European brands). Similar to Cerberus in its portfolio of well established companies, which includes Pirelli.
Nasser's got the knowledge and the passion to make a success of the brands, and now the finances behind him too. Another favourite.
Another US equity firm, headed up by Thomas Stallkamp, former president of Chrysler. Ripplewood has its interests in various markets in Japan and the US, where it recently led a £1.2 million buyout of Readers' Digest magazine.
Nothing, so far.
Stallkamp will be key to the success of this bid, since Ripplewood has no automotive assets currently, and Jaguar and Land Rover would be difficult first-time propositions. A long shot.
Texas Pacific Group
Yet another American investment firm, which claims to "create value by investing in change". It seems to be working, with over £14.5 billion of capital under management, including fast food giant Burger King and Ducati motorcycles.
TPG has no experience in financing car manufacturers, and lacks the connections that One Equity and Ripplewood have. It does appear to be a company willing to take big risks in the name of profit, though.
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