BMW's delay in recalling cars with a known electrical fault contributed to a man's death, an inquest has found.
In December 2016, Narayan Gurung, a 66-year-old former serviceman, was killed when he struck a tree in his Ford Fiesta. He had swerved to avoid a broken-down BMW that had suffered the known electrical fault, which, as a result, had no lights on in the dark because it was without power.
The inquest found that BMW's actions contributed to Gurung's death, but there was insufficient evidence to suggest corporate manslaughter, reports the BBC.
An inquiry into the electrical fault ruled that BMW did not respond quickly enough to rectify it and potentially prevent the fatality. It revealed that BMW had received complaints of the electrical issue as early as 2011, but the Driver & Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA) wasn’t made aware of it until October 2014 when a consumer — not the manufacturer — contacted the organisation. At that time, it was estimated that around 370,000 cars could be involved, although BMW had fixed only around five under warranty.
While the DVSA had accused BMW of providing false information of the electrical issue, the organisation itself has also been criticised for not pressuring BMW into issuing the recall sooner. It has begun work on a revised code of practice for recalls that's expected to come into effect later this year.
BMW described the incident as a "tragic accident". A statement read: "We need to reflect on what the coroner has said this morning, including her observations about the code of practice. Whilst BMW considers that it has followed all the processes required by the relevant regulations, we recognise the need for the automotive industry to review relevant processes and procedures. BMW UK would welcome the opportunity to work with DVSA in relation to its review of the code of practice."
BMW issued a recall for 36,410 UK cars in April 2017, but it has now expanded this to around 311,800 cars so that it can issue a parts change free of charge to fix the problem. Owners of affected cars will be contacted in the coming weeks and work is said to take less than two hours.
The DVSA told Autocar that BMW knew of 19 cases for an issue that can render a car completely powerless back in 2014, but that it provided “incorrect information” that prevented “an informed decision” from being made to avoid a serious accident.
The issue came to light during an investigation by the DVSA and a subsequent investigation by the BBC’s Watchdog. It is now known that close to 312,000 cars, including 1 Series, 3 Series, Z4 and X1 petrol and diesel models produced between March 2007 and September 2011, are affected in Britain.
BMW says the problem stems from a "design of wiring configuration that means vehicle vibrations could potentially cause frictional corrosion on the plug of the power distributor". That means a vehicle's battery could lose connection to the fuse box, cutting out the engine and leaving the driver unable to switch on the brake or hazard lights.
Pressure is now being placed on BMW to explain why it took so long for a UK recall to be announced. The DVSA’s lead engineer, Andrew Tudor, told BMW's supplier quality engineer Mark Hill that “we do not want a fatality” back in February 2016. The company had already recalled 500,000 cars in the US in 2013, as well as smaller recalls in Australia, Canada and South Africa, to address the problem.
The DVSA said that the misinformation provided to it, added to the fact that, unlike the US’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, it currently has no legal power to demand a manufacturer to issue a recall, left it unable to step in to demand earlier action.
BMW said that there was initially no large-scale UK recall because there are technical differences between cars in the UK and other markets, as well as differences in technical layouts due to left and right-hand drive. The company said each vehicle type is being investigated, taking into account the climatic and environmental conditions of each region.