Currently reading: Throwback Thursday 1989: Citroen AX GT5 first drive
With five-door hot hatches now the norm, we revisit the first of their kind, the lively little Citroën AX GT5
5 mins read
28 September 2017

There are some popular (and exhausted) metaphors that employ the opening or building of new doors in an attempt to hearten the dismayed. But for many hot hatch devotees, being told such a thing would have quite the opposite effect.

Back at the dawn of the hot hatch proper, the class contained cars such as the Renault 5 Alpine, Ford Fiesta XR2 and Volkswagen Golf GTI, all three-doors. In fact, most of the regular small hatchbacks on which these hooligans were based were also sold predominantly with awkward access for the rear passengers.

Nowadays, the larger hot hatches – Honda Civic Type R, Renault Mégane RS and so on – are mostly available only in five-door format. Even the smaller models, such as the Suzuki Swift Sport and Volkswagen Polo GTI – have gone or are going the same way. The Ford Fiesta ST is among the lasts bastions of hot hatch traditionalism.

In the time between, most allowed you to choose, starting with the Citroën AX GT5, named so because, of course, it had cinque portes, which Autocar described on 8 November 1989 as “offering extra versatility in a fun though uncomfortable package”.

“Combine the AX GT’s drivetrain (an inline four-cylinder, naturally aspirated 1.4-litre motor driving the front wheels) with relatively high equipment levels and improved rear seat access and you have the £7913 AX GT5,” we began.


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“And you’ll look in vain for a rival; only the Renault 5 GTX comes within sparring range, and that’s because it pairs a fairly big engine (1.7 litres) with a compact five-door body. It studiously avoids the fast hatch image, leaving that to the 5 Turbo. Even so, it has the price (£8465) and performance to challenge the Citroën.”

Mechanically, the AX GT5 had a few changes over the AX GT. “The engine is equipped with a twin-choke carburettor. Reworked inlet ports and a high-lift camshaft are introduced to accompany this increased intake flow, while a revised ignition curve and freer-flowing exhaust system also aid efficiency. The net result is 85bhp at 6400rpm and 85lb ft at a similarly revvy 4000rpm.

“The GT5 is more exciting to drive than the performance figures suggest. While the standing quarter mile is covered in a so-so 17.6sec and 60mph comes up in 10.1sec, the little Citroën feels for all the world like a real firecracker. The main reason for this impression is superbly crisp and eager throttle response, the effect of which is little short of breathtaking in the lower gears.

“Initial throttle movement liberates impressive gobs of power and torque, but it’s a hard act to follow. Thereafter, the rate of acceleration doesn’t quite keep pace with the progress of the throttle, but, wide open, the GT5 finds a new lease of life and steams forward once more.

“Mid-range urge is admirable, with engine torque coming in strong once the short 3.9:1 final drive ratio and low body weight have played their part in getting the whole show up and running. As the 7000rpm redline approaches, the engine becomes uncomfortably loud, too. 'Hard-working' is the best way to describe the engine note, dominated as it is by valve noise. You wouldn’t call it thrashy at any point, but neither is it unobtrusive.

“While not the last word in precision, the shift quality of the Citroën’s five-speed ’box is nevertheless as light and fast as your left hand can make it. The ratio spread is excellent, too, with second and third quite close to keep the action flowing.

“The GT5’s dry-weather handling is probably its most endearing quality. A car to be driven using subtle movements rather than ham-fisted harshness, it will point into corners and rapidly change direction with a minimum of steering input, yet it never feels nervous or edgy. The rack and pinion steering is very direct.

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“Roadholding reserves are surprisingly high and the limit arrives gradually and with good warning. Understeer builds up gently and can be moderated with the throttle, although we did detect a certain skittishness in the wet that required a skilful touch to counter. Body roll is well contained, but the AX GT5 doesn’t corner quite as flatly as the Peugeot 205 GTi.

“The brakes are a little disappointing. The fronts lock up prematurely in the wet. The pedal gives a slightly dead feel and, when coupled with inconsistent stopping power, doesn’t inspire as much confidence as the chassis.

“That the AX GT5 rides as well as it does is something of a surprise. A car with so little weight, such a short wheelbase and relatively firm suspension could be expected to deliver a harsh, choppy ride. Nothing could be further from the truth. Not only is the AX GT5 unfussed by mid-corner bumps, but its long-travel suspension is also positively spine-friendly in the way it absorbs bumps and dips at any speed.”

So, the AX GT had proven that it was just as brilliant to drive in five-door form as it was three-door form, but just how practical was it, really?

“Rear seat accommodation isn’t at all bad," we said. "Six-footers will find reasonable comfort on anything up to a medium-length journey. Wide-opening rear doors allow easy entry and exit.

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“The boot is a greater compromise. Lifting heavy objects over a relatively high lip doesn’t make things easy, and once inside, the available space is moderate.

“The driving position is less satisfactory than the sporty trims of the interior. Citroën has improved the offset pedal location, but it still favours the left of the footwell. At least this is now tolerable. However, the same can’t be said of the front seats. There’s almost an excess of bolstering around the thighs but a lack of support underneath. Your upper back is thrust forward, forcing the driver into a slightly slumped pose; after an hour or so, at least one of our testers wound up with back ache.

“And it doesn’t end there. The non-height-adjustable seat and fixed-position steering wheel gang up on the taller-than-average driver. It seems to be a case of the wheel being too low rather than the seat being too high.”

So, in conclusion, did Autocar predict this five-door hot hatch to be an oddity, or a sign of things to come?

“The AX GT5’s real charm comes not from LCD displays and interior tinsel, but a strongly identifiable on-road character. Despite the imperfect driving position, ill-conceived instruments and indifferent brakes, it’s hard to write this car off (well, actually…). Time and time again these factors hung like a lead weight around this car’s neck, only to have a succession of sweetly balanced corners arrive just in time.

“On balance, the AX GT5 is a car you either like or you don’t. Its drawbacks are matched by the good times it willingly offers an energetic driver and the versatility of its five-door layout. For many people, that will be more than reason enough to buy."

Join the debate


28 September 2017

I had an AX GT in the early 90's for about a year, it was a great little thing, and showed that 85hp can be really fun. I just would not want to be in an accident in one!

simple uncomplicated fun.

28 September 2017

As a 17 year old I desperately wanted one as did a lot of friends. Ended up with a 106XSi when budget allowed and it was still one of the few cars I still miss.

Will Peugeot / Citroen (or anyone else) bring those days back? Anything less than 300bhp appears to be take these days it seems.

28 September 2017

had a Fiat Uno Turbo instead. Again, you wouldn't want to be in a crash in one...

as for 5 door hot hatches, just No. It's the reason we won't be replacing our Polo GTI with another one.

28 September 2017

What strikes me looking at the interior of the AX is that, while spartan by today's standards in terms of equipment, is how clear and well positioned all the controls appear to be, making everything relatively easy and intuitive to use and that was the case of many cars of the era, even ones that were conisdered well equipped at the time. In many of today's cars even using basic controls such as the stereo and heating controls are a bit of faff and often a distraction too thanks to their positioning or various menus to operate the simplest of items, especially touchscreen controls which don't always respond. 

28 September 2017

...I remember when the roads were full of Citroen AXs of all flavours. Sadly all kids seem to have now are bloated Corsas, A3s etc. full of distracting s**t you don't need and no joie de vivre.

Will any manufacturer bring those days back? Perhaps it's time for Dacia to do a hot Sandero. And before you laugh, remember how unassuming the standard AX was...

28 September 2017

There is a hot Sandero sold as a Renault in South America, so maybe...

28 September 2017

A hot Sandero sounds great, providing RenaultSport have sprinkled their magic on the ride and handling. Not convinced the 145bhp 2.0 would provide quite good enough economy and emissions though.

28 September 2017

This is the business, if autocar and motor can reprint the 10 or so hot hatches from 1989/1990 that they took into a forest, one of the best motoring articles i've ever read. I believe a lady called Rachel (ward?) and a chap named Roger Bell and about 8 others  who it was a general triumph for the french hot-hatches 1) peugeot 2) r5gturbo and I believe the AX GT came third or so all beating the golf 16v when it came to real world "driving hard through the forest" type stuff. After reading I set my heart on a 5gt turbo and kept it for 11 years.

28 September 2017

Desperately wanted a 3 door AX GT as a teenager, ended up with my Mum's Visa 14TRS which the AX replaced. If I remember rightly, the brief description of the AX GT at the time was 'fast, flimsy, fun'. The AX GT would still be desirable now to run as a classic.


28 September 2017

who as a 19 year old desperately wanted a 3 door AZ GT to replace a Fiat 127 Sport 1.3. Didn't have the money but remember reading the enthusiastic reviews. 


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