My sympathy for car makers in the field of emissions and economy testing is pretty limited, having evaporated with the revelations of Dieselgate and subsequent understanding of just how lax the regulations were that they were playing to in Europe.

In that regard, the rollout of the WLTP (Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure) and RDE (Real Driving Emissions) regimes should be welcomed with open arms, replacing, as they do, the laissez-faire NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) tests in a staged format over a period that began last autumn and which runs until 2021.

During that time Europe will go from having regulations that were so lax that they allow the Volkswagen Group to state to this day - with what remains a legally watertight position - that its cheats didn’t actually break any rules, to ones that are widely regarded, even by critics, to be the toughest in the world.