Odd as it might first seem, the roots of the Citroen Cactus project are embedded the global economic crash in 2008.
The last five years has seen Europe’s mainstream car industry hit one of the most serious crises in its history. After the giant property bubble burst, causing the ‘credit crunch’, new car sales across the wider EU have collapsed by around 25 percent.
While in the US, two of the ‘Big Three’ car-makers went into bankruptcy and there was a coordinated reduction in US car-making capacity with factories closing and large numbers of redundancies.
The upside was that overcapacity in the US industry was nearly eliminated and, with the new car market returning to its pre-crash levels, car making became profitable again for the mainstream brands.
Europe’s domestic industry is in a very different position. The new car has only just flattened out after five years of falling sales and the continent is blighted by overcapacity, with only Peugeot-Citroen and Ford closing factories because of the huge political pressure to preserve jobs.