Volkswagen sold a total of 76,363 cars in Russia between January and July this year, down by 16 per cent on 2013. However, some brands have shown small improvements, with Jaguar and Land Rover selling 981 and 12,086 vehicles respectively so far this year, rises of five and seven per cent.
Russian buyers are said to be delaying making large purchases, however, with one car dealer telling Reuters: "People are afraid to buy cars because they are uncertain about the future, while banks and insurance companies raise rates to protect themselves in a crisis."
Here are the key new cars expected at the Moscow motor show 2014
Land Rover Range Rover Sport SVR
It's the motor show debut for the fastest and most powerful Land Rover model ever made, and the first time audiences outside the US will get to see this 542bhp leviathan. The SVR, which costs £93,450, comes with a supercharged 5.0-litre V8 engine which allows it to reach 60mph in just 4.5 seconds.
Nissan GT-R Nismo
We've already seen the new £125,000 GT-R Nismo in the UK, but this is the first time prospective Russian buyers will have a chance to scrutinise the 591bhp sports car in their home market. Nissan promises a 0-62mph sprint time of 2.6 seconds and a top speed of 193mph. The twin-turbocharged 3.8-litre V6 engine is also said to return around 24mpg on the combined fuel cycle.
BMW X5 Security Plus
Offering protection up to VR6 standard (including automatic rifles), this armoured BMW X5 is built on a dedicated production line in Mexico. It's based on the xDrive50i, meaning power comes from a 4.4-litre V8 engine with 449bhp. BMW has released scant details on how the X5 has been modified, but has said all the car's seams and joints have been strengthened, while toughened glass has also been fitted.
Peugeot 508 facelift
The refreshed Ford Mondeo rival will make its motor show debut in Russia. The 508 has received cosmetic upgrades as well as new engines. Joining the range is a new Euro 6 emissions compliant 165bhp 1.6-litre turbo petrol engine, alongside a new 2.0-litre BlueHDi diesel in either 148bhp or 178bhp guises. Changes to the diesel hybrid model mean it now emits just 85g/km of CO2.
Chevrolet Niva concept
A new concept car yielded from GM's joint venture in Russia with Avtovaz, the next-generation Chevrolet Niva looks to be a mid-size SUV tailored towards off-road performance. The Niva is scheduled to go on sale in 2016. Russia is exempt from GM's decision to axe Chevrolet in European markets from next year.
Renaultsport RS 01
Renaultsport's new 1100kg single-seat race car, dubbed the RS 01, will be powered by a Nismo-tuned engine developing more than 493bhp. Drive is sent to the rear wheels via a seven-speed sequential transmission. It's a track-only car, and will race in the World Series by Renault championship from next year.
Toyota Camry facelift
Toyota has released a solitary preview photo of the facelifted Camry prior to Moscow, with styling changes including a smaller front grille and new headlights. Engine options from the current car are likely to be carried over, meaning 2.5-litre four-cylinder and 3.5-litre V6 petrols will be offered.
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