At an event in London last week I became the first civilian to drive the new Frazer-Nash London Cab on public roads.
A range-extender hybrid, driven by electric motors and a 1.0-litre three-cylinder petrol engine, it promises to combine 99mpg and tailpipe emissions that are close to clean air.
The Frazer-Nash cab heralds the beginning of a serious shift in automotive policy: reversing the so-called ‘dash for diesel’.
London Mayor Boris Johnson teamed up with Lord Mayor of London Fiona Woolf to set out his vision for an ‘Ultra Low Emission Zone’ in centre of the capital.
The announcement was made on the 60th anniversary of the introduction of the Clean Air Act, which saw London abandon the burning of coal and wood, the main reason behind the legendary ‘pea souper’ fogs. The Act was forced into being because of a smog in December 1962, which is said to have killed 12,000 people.
But it’s becoming clear that the capital and other British towns and cities (including Birmingham, Oxford and Manchester) still have a serious air pollution problem. And it’s not something that we can smell so very easily.
A survey carried out by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and funded by UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council concluded that around 13,000 premature deaths in the UK are caused by ‘combustion emissions’ annually. Of that, around 5000 heart attacks and lung diseases are attributable to vehicle emissions.
It looks like things are taking a turn for the worse in the capital, with Oxford Street in the centre of London having some of the highest concentrations of Nitrogen Oxide in the world.
Not surprisingly, attention has turned to the UK’s diesel-powered vehicles. Diesel engines are responsible for the overwhelming amount of particulates and nitrogen oxide pollution. Very fine particles are now thought to be small enough to pass into the human blood stream via the lungs.
All the UK’s cities have a big problem, it’s just that London’s air quality is much more closely monitored.
There have been two huge policy errors that got us into a serious situation that look like it might get worse. Firstly, the completely debasing of the meaning of ‘pollution’, by classing CO2 as a gas immediately harmful to human health.
European lobbyists completely ignored the pioneering California Clean Air laws, which progressively outlawed dangerous gases, which simultaneously prevented the sales of diesel-powered passengers cars.
Indeed, the Union of Concerned Scientists had long campaigned against the use of diesel in the US. They also ignored the presumption against diesel as a fuel in places like Japan.