Toyota’s unexpected buy-out of its Daihatsu subsidiary (the Japanese giant already owned just over 51% of the small car maker) could be the first sign of consolidation by the Japanese makers for the production of small and inexpensive cars.

Buying up Daihatsu is probably the first step for Toyota to break into small budget cars for emerging markets. Daihatsu, which is probably best known for its tiny Japanese market Kei-cars, sold a modest 794,000 cars last year which reports say was a fall of slightly more than 13% of the previous year. 

Daihatsu's home Kei-car market is also dying, according to Reuters’ reporting in Japan, caused by a combination of an ageing population and a new generation of young people who seem to be uninterested in car ownership. 

Suzuki and Daihatsu are locked in mortal combat in the home market and also caught up in a price war in Indonesia.

So, it shouldn’t be a surprise that just before the Daihatsu announcement, the Japanese press had been full of speculation that Toyota was also in collaboration talks with small car supremos Suzuki.