Currently reading: How road cars inspire race car design at Daytona 24 Hours
The endurance race was contested by a new breed of modern racing prototypes - we explain how Cadillac and Mazda are making race car styling relevant again

For better or worse, aerodynamics have dictated the look of racing cars for decades.

In recent years that’s led to ugly F1 noses, overcomplicated IndyCar wings and square-fronted LMP1s such as the Porsche 919 Hybrid.

As highly efficient as these designs are, they’re enough to leave fans pining for a time when good racing cars still looked great – a Porsche 917 or 956, for example, or the Brabham BT52 F1 car.

In the US, help is at hand from IMSA, which runs the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship that takes in the big endurance races at Daytona, Sebring and elsewhere. IMSA’s new Daytona Prototype international (DPi) cars marry standard LMP2 chassis technology – as can be found in the second-tier prototype category at Le Mans – with restyled bodywork to give the racing machines the same design cues as manufacturer’s road cars. There is also powertrain freedom from the stock Derbyshire-built, 4.2-litre Gibson Technology V8 that’s fitted to regular LMP2s.

Crucially, a thorough Balance of Performance equalisation programme is designed to make good any aerodynamic disadvantages that result from the design changes, paving the way for a good-looking car that’s still capable of winning against LMP2 rivals when the two race each other.

British motorsport expertise played a role here; IMSA’s scalemodel aerodynamic test programme was conducted in a wind tunnel at Williams F1 with Ben Wood, a British aerodynamicist who previously worked for Brawn GP. Mazda’s RT24-P DPi bodywork was co-developed with Multimatic in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire.

Two of the new Mazdas, which share a chassis with the Riley MkXXX LMP2, were joined on the grid for the Daytona 24 Hours at the end of January by three Cadillac DPi-V.Rs, which are built on Dallara LMP2 chassis.

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In late 2015, Dillon Blanski, lead creative designer for Cadillac exteriors, won an internal contest to shape the distinctive, angular look of the Cadillac DPi.

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“There are a lot of Cadillac design cues in the body lines of the DPi,” says Blanski. “The surface tension and line quality in the early sketches were inspired by the production vehicles in our studio.”

Blanski’s involvement extended beyond the Cadillac DPi’s body shape to details like the large, vertical daytime running lights, the valve covers for the Earnhardt Childress Racing Engines-built, 6.2-litre V8 motor and even the deep-dish wheels, which mimic the style of those found on a CTS-V road car.

Some back and forth between the studio and Dallara refined the surfaces and design details until they were acceptable to stylists and aerodynamicists alike. Sometimes the two coincided perfectly; Blanski notes that the roof-mounted air scoop, for example, was styled so that from the front it looks like the Cadillac crest, but also delivered an aerodynamic improvement.

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Graphics are also used as styling elements, including the window graphic that changes the shape of the glasshouse, the body-side graphics that accentuate the lines, and the Mondrian motif on the rear fin.

Mazda, meanwhile, went all-out to get its trademark ‘Kodo’ design cues into the RT24-P DPi. The styling was led by senior manager of design, Ken Saward, at Mazda’s studio in Irvine, California.

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“We had developed the LM55 Vision Gran Turismo for the PlayStation video game,” he says. “We wanted to put some of the design and styling cues from that into the RT24-P DPi.”

A decade ago, Saward was project manager on the Furai programme, creating the beautiful concept car that met a fiery end during a magazine test. There are hints of its swoopy lines, too, in the new DPi.

“LMP1 cars have big, bluff front fenders because they are trying to move the air over the front wheel openings that are there to stop the cars taking off when they spin,” Saward explains. “We wanted the RT24-P DPi to be more like LM55 or Furai, with a much more voluptuous shape and a beautiful silhouette, similar to race cars of the 1960s and 70s, where the front end was much more swept downward to the floor. Meeting those requirements was our biggest challenge.”

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When it came to testing the design’s aerodynamics, the team was in for a pleasant surprise.

“The numbers that came back were very positive, which I think surprised the guys at Multimatic,” says Saward. “Styling-wise it is a big departure from what everyone else is doing, but aerodynamically it works quite well, with good downforce and low drag.

“That’s been proven in the top speeds we saw at Daytona [during the 24-hour race]. Perhaps there’s something to be said for guys who don’t have the knowledge of aerodynamics to just design something that looks cool. Some of the most beautiful racing cars have often been very successful ones.”

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Cadillac took first and second places at Daytona, where Mazda ran into mechanical problems that ended the race for both of its cars, but the DPis are only just getting started. Other manufacturers are said to be interested in signing up to the DPi concept. After all, who wouldn’t want to be associated with cool-looking cars that win races?

Graham Heeps

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