The Williams driver set the pace during the morning session, eventually putting in a best time of 1m33.258s over 99 laps. The day was again overshadowed, however, by the continued woes of world champion team Red Bull.
Sebastian Vettel broke down halfway into his installation lap, and, upon his recovery to the pitlane, Red Bull erected screens in front of their garage to keep prying eyes away as they seeked to resolve their latest issues. Both Sauber and Lotus also suffered technical problems today.
Elsewhere, Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen had his final day at the wheel of his new car before the season's first race in Melbourne, while Nico Rosberg lost out on much of the morning session due to an engine change. He went on to complete 103 laps in total this afternoon, and sits second in the timing standings.
Bahrain is the final stop on the F1 testing calendar before the season begins next month. All 11 teams are scheduled to be in action over the course of the eight-day test session.
While some teams found the first pre-season test in Jerez, Spain, helpful, others struggled to come to grips with the sport's new rule changes. Chief among them is the move to adopt new 1.6-litre turbocharged V6 engines in place of the older V8 units. The engines use a new hybrid energy recovery system which harvests heat energy from the turbocharger as well as kinetic energy from the brakes.
Elsewhere and the design of the 2014 cars has changed to meet the latest crash-test safety regulations. Several teams have implemented the changes in different ways, with Ferrari opting for a flat snout approach, while Lotus has gone with a split-prong design.
Finally, one of the most contentious changes to F1 this year sees double points awarded at the last race. The move is designed to increase competition, and to stop a single team or driver running away with the championship well before the season is over.
Take a look through the picture gallery above to see all the latest pictures from the Bahrain pre-season testing session, and read our ten reasons to get excited about the return of Formula One here.
Additional reporting by Lewis Kingston, 2 March 2014