New legislation limiting rogue parking firms' access to driver information and requiring them to conform to new codes of conduct have been announced by Transport Minister Sadiq Khan.
Private companies can request access to DVLA driver information to pursue drivers' of cars parked illegally on private land.
However, the new proposals would require parking operators to join an accredited Trade Association, with a strict code of conduct, before they could do this.
The new legislation forms part of a broader cross-Government action plan on clamping, due to be published in the autumn.
The legislation is designed to stop firms and landowners using inadequate signage, demanding excessive payments and impounding cars excessively quickly.
Plans are also being made to introduce a compulsory licensing system for clamping firms to insure they behave responsibly and within the remit of the Security Industry Authority, which regulates the private security industry.
Khan said: “We want a fair system that is clearly communicated with an independent complaints procedure.”