The 3 Litre was Bentley's first car, introduced in 1919
Bentley is one of the UK's most historic car brands, known for its luxurious cars
It was two years after its development as a rolling chassis that the 3 Litre was made available to customers
The Embiricos is acknowledged as being the inspiration for the Continental GT
Production of the new Bentley 8 Litre was announced in September 1930
The Bentley Blue Train Special is so named after a bet made by Le Mans winner Woolf Barnato
The R-Type Continental shared its components with the standard car, and were delivered as a rolling chassis to coachbuilders
The Bentley S3 Continental was produced from 1962 until 1965
The Azure made its debut at the 1995 Geneva motor show
The original Bentley Azure was made until 2003
The Bentley Speed 8 LMP car was designed by English designer Peter Elleray
The Speed 8 raced competitively at the Goodwood Festival of Speed last year
Making its racing debut at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 2001, the car won the race in 2003
The Continental SC featured a lift-out glass roof over its two front seats
The Continental T was billed as having sportier handling than the standard car
A Mulliner version of the Continental T was introduced in 1999
The Bentley Turbo initially inherited the same turbocharged engine as the Mulsanne
Production of the Bentley Turbo for the 1987 model year, its last in production, was limited to 20,000 units
Bentley released the Brooklands in 2008
With a price close to £230,000 at launch, the Brooklands was always going to be a rare sight
Our first drive of the Bentley Brooklands revealed a car which feels sporting to drive, but not intrusively so
The BY 8.16 Hunaudieres was destined to be revealed at the 2012 Paris motor show
The Continental GT is Bentley's flagship car, and it's impressive to drive as well
Current versions of the Continental GT are available with either a W12 or a V8 engine
The Continental GT received its last facelift in 2011
The Arnage was axed from the Bentley range in 2009
The Final Series of the Arnage included the Arnage T's twin-turbo 6.75-litre V8 engine
The Mulsanne name was brought back to Bentley in 2010, having been last used in 1992
The latest continental GTC V8 S is the sister car to the GT V8 S
Even in open-top form, the GTC V8 S can reach 62mph in 4.7 seconds
The new GT3 marks Bentley's return to motorsport, it was revealed at the Goodwood Festival of Speed last year
2005 marked the introduction of the Bentley Flying Spur
The Flying Spur shared some of its components with the Volkswagen Phaeton
The Flying Spur received an update in 2013, bringing in a new eight-speed ZF transmission and increased performance
The Supersports Convertible ISR of 2011 was limited to just 100 units
Bentley recently released this preview image of how its new SUV could look
To many, the Bentley name means total luxury and performance with a price tag to match. Today, its cars are often seen in the company of footballers, film stars and financial leaders. But the affluent car maker has speed and power firmly etched into its roots, as well.
British engineer Walter Owen Bentley initially learned his trade designing and building aircraft engines during the First World War, leading to his infamous Bentley BR1 aero engine during that period.
‘WO’ already had experience dabbling with the automotive industry by the time the war ended, when he and his brother, Horace Millner Bentley, started importing and selling French DFP (Doriot, Flandrin & Parant) cars in 1912.
Ever the precocious idealist, the 21-year-old spotted an opportunity to build the car he always wanted to. With the help of his brother, that dream became a reality in August 1919 – Bentley Motors Ltd was born.
Two months later, the first Bentley 3.0-litre engine fired into life at their Baker Street, London premises, and the following year Autocar road-tested the first complete car – the handbuilt prototype EXP1.
Back in 1920, we said: “For the man who wants a true sporting type of light-bodied car for use on a Continental tour, the 3.0-litre Bentley is undoubtedly the car par excellence.”
Two more prototypes followed as WO continued in relentless pursuit of his vision “A fast car, a good car, the best in its class” before finally the first production model was sold in September 1921.
Bentley then got the racing fever and entrants were made in various hill climbs, the 1922 Indianapolis 500 and at Brooklands. In 1924, Bentley took the chequered flag at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the cars became a huge hit among wealthy British petrolheads. Further Le Mans victories followed from 1927-1930 but the company began to hit financial troubles.
Woolf Barnato, a racing driver, fan of the cars and a member of the ‘Bentley Boys’ helped finance the company, initially injecting £100,000 into the firm and eventually taking full control, leaving WO Bentley an employee and to design new cars.
In March 1930, Barnato notoriously had the Rover Light Six in his sights when he bet £100 and raced the Le Train Bleu from Cannes to London via Calais and won in the Bentley Speed Six, paving way for the tail of the infamous Bentley Blue Train story and further cementing the extravagant marque with its racing and GT heritage.
Despite Barnato’s steady cash flow, the Great Depression of 1930 knocked Bentley for six. This time, fabled rival Rolls-Royce stepped in and bought Bentley Motors Ltd, moving production north to Derby. However, founder WO Bentley left the company as soon as his contract expired in 1935, jumping ship to Lagonda as technical director.
In 1946, Rolls-Royce chose to move Bentley production to Crewe, which paved the way for fresh ideas and new technology to find their way into cars wearing the B-winged emblem.
The Bentley Mark VI became the first car to be built entirely at Bentley’s Crewe works and the first to be offered with a pressed-steel body shell as standard. Two engine options were offered – 4.3-litre and 4.6-litre inline six cylinder units. Coach-built cars were still available, but the Mark VI signalled the dawn of a new era in Bentley car production and became one of the marque’s biggest selling cars in history.
By the 1950s it was clear the Mark VI was in need of a replacement and so the R-type Continental was launched in 1952. The collaboration between Rolls-Royce and Bentley was exceeding expectations and three years later the two brands were sharing identical technology – the Bentley S Series differing from the Silver Cloud only in external styling.
A decade of intensive development and a redesigned production line at Crewe in 1965 produced the Bentley T Series along with its Rolls-Royce sibling – the Silver Shadow. With independent suspension, four-wheel disc brakes and air-conditioning, it was the first Bentley built with a monocoque chassis and body shell.
As gracious as it was in design and as smooth as it was in performance, the T Series was seen by Bentley enthusiasts as the final betrayal of the marque’s sporting heritage. Their loyalty to the winged B was vital. As sales of the new cars began to decline, the performance credentials that Bentley had fought so hard to win on the racetrack were now a distant memory among luxury car buyers around the world.
Into the 1970s and early 1980s, Bentley sales continued to plummet and at one point, Bentley production counted for just five per cent of combined output at the Crewe facility. After the financial collapse of Rolls-Royce, the company was nationalised by the British government. Rolls-Royce Motors Limited and Bentley were acquired by Vickers plc in 1980.
Under Vickers plc, Bentley restored its former reputation as a luxury sports car maker and the sales started to rise thanks to the 1980 Mulsanne and Bentley’s restored sporting image. By 1991, the output ratio of Bentley to Rolls-Royce was 50:50.
In 1998, Vickers plc sold up to Volkswagen, who had outbid BMW at the time for the brands. BMW then bought the rights to the Rolls-Royce name and announced that Rolls-Royce and Bentley would be two separate companies after 67 years of collaborating together.
Volkswagen didn’t hang about; injecting £500 million into the car firm to modernise the Crewe premises and boost production capacity. Employee numbers soared from 1,500 in 1998 to over 4,000 by 2011. Although total profits dipped from 2008 to 2010, Bentley witnessed a surge in profitability since the start of the decade, with the Continental GT boasting one-third of total sales.
The next chapters in Bentley’s illustrious history have yet to be written. Will the luxurious British marque be able to back up its original motto of “A fast car, a good car, the best in its class” with a 200mph luxury SUV planned for 2016?
You can bet Autocar will be the first to find out.