Currently reading: How to make the most out of your PHEV company car
Generous incentives have made plug-in hybrids popular, but how do you avoid the potential drawbacks?

The transition to electric cars is happening in stages, and there are good reasons not to overlook the halfway house.

As a company car, a plug-in hybrid (PHEV) offers some of the low tax and CO2 advantages of electric driving without range anxiety, but it’s also not necessarily the best of both worlds. Here’s why.

What incentives are available for plug-in hybrids?

The biggest nudge for drivers is company car tax. This is based on your income tax band and a percentage of the vehicle’s list price (P11D), which gets larger for models with higher CO2 emissions. Since April 2020, cars emitting 50g/km or less (which includes most PHEVs) have had a set of ultra-low bands that incentivise longer electric-only ranges. 

Autocar's company car tax calculator shows exactly what you'll pay for every make and model

Although PHEV incentives aren’t as generous as they were, they're still attractive. A typical PHEV will be taxed at between 8-12% of its list price, compared with 25-30% for an efficient petrol or diesel car. It’s why fleets and businesses account for the vast majority – over 70% last year, according to the SMMT – of new PHEVs sold in the UK.

 

Why is vehicle spec important?

The new WLTP fuel economy test produces individual CO2 figures for vehicles, including the effects of any optional equipment fitted. In turn, small changes to your would-be company car’s specification can have a big effect on your tax bill, either by reducing the electric-only range or pushing CO2 emissions over the 50g/km threshold. 

For example, adding the optional 20-inch wheels to a Volvo XC40 Recharge Ultimate raises CO2 emissions from 50g/km to 51g/km, and moves it up to the 15% tax band. Alongside a £750 increase in P11d value, the bigger wheels would cost a 40% taxpayer around £240 extra in Benefit-in-Kind each year – a 9% increase.

 

Similarly, the Volkswagen Tiguan eHybrid has an electric-only range of 28.6 miles in Elegance trim, compared with 30 miles for the R-Line, which doesn’t have a panoramic roof. That tiny difference is enough to edge the R-Line down into the 12% tax band, versus 14% for the Elegance, with a resulting £265 reduction in annual Benefit-in-Kind – a 14% saving.

How often are you travelling long distances?

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PHEVs are uniquely sensitive to usage, and although you could technically run one without ever plugging it in, that’s the least efficient way to use it. 

Testing by Emissions Analytics resulted in an average efficiency of 37.2mpg for PHEVs with their battery depleted. As many of them also have smaller fuel tanks to make space for the battery (the BMW 330e holds 40 litres, compared with 59 litres for the rest of the range), it could be as frustrating to live with as it is costly to run.

However, you don’t need to be town-bound for them to make sense. Using that Emissions Analytics figure and UK average fuel and flat-rate home electricity prices, a PHEV could match fuel costs of a 55mpg diesel if only a third of its annual mileage was on battery power. Plus, unlike with the diesel, you would be able to do all of your urban driving without any exhaust fumes.

Where will you charge?

With a short electric-only range and slow charging rates, convenient charging is even more important for PHEV drivers than it is for BEV drivers. The alternative is seeking out what will typically be more expensive public chargers or over-relying on the combustion engine.

PHEV drivers in flats and rental properties can claim financial support to install home chargepoints, and there’s no tax liability for plugging in at work if your employer will let you. However, you will also need a suitable Type 2 charging cable; not all PHEVs include this, having it instead as a £200-300 extra. 

What are your lifestyle requirements?

It might suit your mileage profile, but is there a PHEV to suit your lifestyle? Carrying two powertrains tends to result in packaging compromises, such as reduced boot capacity and, even in large SUVs such as the BMW X5 and Mercedes-Benz GLE, the loss of a third row of seats compared with the petrol and diesel versions.

However, PHEVs are a useful stepping stone if you need a tow car. Lots of BEVs can now pull a trailer, but the maximum weight is limited. For example, the Mercedes-Benz GLC PHEV can tow up to 2000kg, compared with 1800kg for the Mercedes-Benz EQC BEV. That’s enough for a large caravan and, unlike the BEV, you wouldn’t need to unhitch the caravan to charge. Most charging bays aren’t designed for a trailer.

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Alex Grant

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xxxx 21 April 2022

The above article say it all about PHEVs, for tax dodgers only. If the tax advantage was removed on thursday phev production would stop on Friday. 38mpg laughable.