Crucial to the identity of the Jeep brand, the original Willys-Overland Quad entered service with the US Army during World War 2. Jeep claims, with some credibility, that this car represents the genesis of the modern SUV. It became a civilian vehicle in 1945.
The first Cherokee was launched in 1974. It became a unitary design with the second-generation XJ in 1984, living for almost two decades and selling strongly. The XJ was replaced by the KJ Cherokee in 2002 and rechristened Liberty in the US.
You wouldn’t know from looking at the new Cherokee that it comes from very traditional 4x4 stock. The brusque, boxy styling of old has been jettisoned, however, in favour of something far less utilitarian – and far more aerodynamic.
For those with long memories, there are styling nods to past generations in the prominent seven-slot grille and trapezoidal wheel arches, but otherwise the new model is every bit the modern crossover to behold. Which is fitting, because the architecture beneath it is hardly military grade. The Cherokee is now built on what Chrysler calls the Compact US Wide platform, a modular piece of hot-stamped, high-strength steel which, in a different configuration, also underpins the Alfa Romeo Giulietta.
Unsurprisingly, adopting Fiat’s hatchback-purposed underpinnings fundamentally changes the nature of the car. Engines are now mounted transversely and a more heavy-duty 4WD system is relegated to the ‘seen but not heard’ end of the options list.