The LP720-4 50 Anniversario will be limited to 100 cars and has been revealed at an offical event prior to its debut at the Shanghai motor show over the weekend.
As its name implies, the Anniversario model boasts more power than the standard car, up 19bhp from 691bhp to 710bhp, although it uses the same 6.5-litre V12.
Given the small power gain, the performance of the Aventador LP720-4 is unlikely to improve significantly on the standard LP700-4. The latter is capable of 0-62mph in 2.9sec and has a 218mph top speed.
The bright yellow paint of the Aventador Anniversario is 'Giallo Maggio', or 'Yellow May'. But perhaps more striking than the paint is the bodykit applied by Lamborghini to the limited-edition Aventador.
It appears to take inspiration from the recently unveiled Veneno and facelifted Gallardo, with a deeply jutting front spoiler, more aggressive rear diffuser and deeper side skirts. The exterior also features '50' badges, indicating its special status, and black alloy wheels.
The interior matches the colour scheme outside, with yellow quilted leather adorning the seats and door cards. Yellow leather can also be found on the transmission tunnel, whilst the black leather on the dash features yellow piping.
Lamborghini's chief executive, Stephan Winkelmann, said "This car celebrates the 50th anniversary of Lamborghini. We will build only 100 units for the whole world, each in yellow - as that's the most sold colour for Lamborghini in our history."
Further details on the Aventador LP720-4 50 Anniversario Edition will be announced by Lamborghini when the doors to the Shanghai show open on Saturday.
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