Concept car showcases advanced flywheel-hybird tech that could be scaled up to XJs and Land Rovers

Jaguar is testing a British-engineered flywheel hybrid that promises an 80bhp power boost and up to a 20 per cent fuel economy improvement.

Packaged into the rear axle of an XF test prototype revealed at this week’s Low Carbon Vehicle event at Millbrook, the hybrid features components from British engineering specialists Flybrid Systems, Torotrak, Xtrac and Prodrive, plus input from Ricardo, and is being evaluated as an alternative to battery hybrids for storing waste energy during braking.

See the pics of the Jaguar XF prototype and the technology

The £3m project is dubbed the FHSPV — Flywheel Hybrid System for Premium Vehicles — and is funded to the tune of around £2.2m by the government’s Technology Strategy Board.

“The FHSPV is really an engineering due diligence exercise,” says the project’s engineer Daniel Loftus. “We need to look at mechanical flywheels and see how they compare with electric hybrids. And then see if they have a production future.”

The composite flywheel is driven through a Torotrak/Xtrac CVT gearbox and spins at up to 60,000rpm to store a peak of 60kW, equivalent to 80bhp. A computer controls the flow of power from and to the flywheel, which can spin-up and deliver a boost in any part of the driving cycle, including performance on the move, although there’s only enough energy to deliver the peak 80bhp for around seven seconds.

Read Autocar's drive and tech story on the 50g/km Jaguar XJ Limo Green concept

Jaguar is currently testing it in stop-start city mode, which means the flywheel gathers energy lost in braking and then delivers ‘free’ power at start-up to save fuel.

Combined with a stop-start system, Jaguar is already recording significant fuel savings of 20 per cent. There are weight, cost and engineering advantages, too, according to Jaguar. The complete system weighs in at 65kg, half the weight of a comparative hybrid, the costs are “significantly lower” and the package size smaller.

To fit the system into the XF’s rear axle assembly, however, Jag has had to fabricate a modified rear cross-member and cut away a quarter of the spare wheel well.

The FHSPV is also easily scalable to bigger and heavier cars than the XF, which would include Land Rovers. However, its production future is still unclear, particularly as the cost of battery hybrids is falling and electrical energy saving is becoming the industry standard.

Julian Rendell

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Comments
9

17 September 2010

Its pretty obvious that the Electric hybrid is more of a environmental fashion accessory rather than having real world savings, especially taking into account the footprint involved in making a prius and the wastage involved when the car is offroad.

If this system does work I pray Jaguar has the balls to implement it rather than follow the industry standard marketing jargon (play around with hybrids and carbon fibre) especially since all parties involved have burnt a lot of public money on this.

17 September 2010

Seems like a very clever idea; much more environmentally friendly as well. Problem is indeed going to be marketing, as they must find a way to call it a hybrid as well...

17 September 2010

I don't see there being a problem calling this a hybrid as it still has multiple power sources. If the figures add up then I think it could really push the green advantage card of batteries.

17 September 2010

Yes, all very interesting but more to the point, why have they put a shopping list down the door like some chaved up corsa ? Is it on the Max Power stand by mistake ?

17 September 2010

[quote Grunt]Seems like a very clever idea; much more environmentally friendly as well. Problem is indeed going to be marketing, as they must find a way to call it a hybrid as well...[/quote] I must be getting old as I can just about remember from many years ago the items in the motoring press about the wonder of the fuel saving and increased acceleration advantages we would be getting from fitting a high speed flywheel into our cars to use energy from braking to recharge the flywheel. Although I seem to remember that there were safety concerns about having a flywheel running at 60.000 + rpm on the loose after a crash. Anyone have any figures on which can practically store more energy efficiently the mechanical flywheel or modern batteries bearing in mind size and weight?

17 September 2010

[quote Maxycat]Anyone have any figures on which can practically store more energy efficiently the mechanical flywheel or modern batteries bearing in mind size and weight?[/quote]

Autocar quotes the flywheel as being capable of supplying 60kW of energy, for 7 seconds. That equals 1.17 kWh of stored energy.

For comparison:

Prius/Lexus GS450h uses an "old" NiMH battery, and stores: 1.3kWh

Mercedes S400 hybrid uses "new" Li ion battery, and stores 0.7kWh

I think the Prius and Lexus use principally the same battery but not 100% sure. I've not double checked, but I think the Prius battery is around 60kg.

I'm not sure a weight has been published for just the flywheel energy storage component?

17 September 2010

I'm sure it was one of the Autocar writers who said we have some of the best motoring engineers right here in the U.K. This just helps to prove he was right. I hope JLR pull it off.

17 September 2010

I think a local firm has tried this in trains in Stourbridge the ? people carrier or have I just drunk too much tonight???j

18 September 2010

Sorry - made a mathematical error calculating the energy capacity of the flywhee. Revised figures belowl: [quote MrTrilby][quote Maxycat]Anyone have any figures on which can practically store more energy efficiently the mechanical flywheel or modern batteries bearing in mind size and weight?[/quote]

Autocar quotes the flywheel as being capable of supplying 60kW of energy, for 7 seconds. That equals 0.12 kWh of stored energy.

For comparison:

Prius/Lexus GS450h uses an "old" NiMH battery, and stores: 1.3kWh

Mercedes S400 hybrid uses "new" Li ion battery, and stores 0.7kWh

I think the Prius and Lexus use principally the same battery but not 100% sure. I've not double checked, but I think the Prius battery is around 60kg.

I'm not sure a weight has been published for just the flywheel energy storage component?

[/quote] So taking into account the fact the Prius/Lexus actually uses around 40% of its total capacity in order to preserve battery life, the flywheel system manages around a quarter of the energy capacity of battery hybrid.

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