Have we just witnessed the end of the congestion-charge in Britain?
The vote in Greater Manchester has just resoundingly rejected plans for peak-time congestion charges inside the M60, despite the carrot of improved public transport.
One million people turned out - a healthy 52 percent - and rejected it in all of Greater Manchester's 10 boroughs. It seems like the final blow for road tolls. A couple of weeks ago Boris Johnson, Mayor of London, also scrapped the western extension of the capital's C-Charge.
And a few years ago Edinburgh also rejected a C-charge scheme.
The government had bet the farm on getting drivers to cross-subsidise an expansion of local bus services through toll payments. The legislation was in place and it was hoping Manchester would go first, to be followed by other conurbations.